LA REVOLUCION EDUCACIONAL

Teo Valenzuela escribe en su blog una interesante tesis sobre educación. Ahí plantea una idea que el lo general comparto: la Reforma Educacional que se a desarrollado bajo los Gobiernos de la Concertación va en una dirección correcta. En general han sido más los aciertos que las fallas de su propuesta. En momentos alcanzó una profundidad y una velocidad muy significativa. Sin embargo, hoy avanza muy lentamente, y de esa forma, a esa velocidad, no dará los frutos esperados en el tiempo apropiado.
Veamos algunos ejemplos de lo primero: Enlaces, que partió como una idea de pretenciones muy modestas fue catapultada por los sorprendentes avances en las telecomunicaciones - esos mismos avances que han elevado la cantidad de telefonos móviles de casi 0 en la primera mitad de los años 90 a unos doce millones al año 2005 - para permitir el acceso a las computadoras de niños y niñas que, ni en el más fantástico de sus sueños, lo hubieran realizado. El acceso de los estudiantes a libros de textos, de buena calidad, de buena presentación, es universal. Hay bibliotecas en los establecimientos y en las salas de clases. El conocimiento está al alcance de la mano. Los edificios son amplios, luminosos, de bonitos diseños, acogedores, armónicos con el entorno. Dicen los arquitectos que no son edificios .. son espacios educativos.
En esto hemos ido rápido y se notó.
Sin embargo, en lo que constituye "el giro del negocio", es donde no se logra notoriedad en los avances.
Los principales administradores educacionales - los municipios - están ciertos que entregan un servicio educacional de baja calidad a un precio, para ellos, bastante alto. Esto último en términos del aporte propio que hacen para financiar el sistema educacional, toda vez que el monto de la subvención percibida es insuficiente.
Claro está que este es un problema complejo. Para enfrentarlo, Teo Valenzuela, propone la formación de "fuertes distritos educacionales municipales - provinciales", tal vez inspirado en el distrito educacional integrado de Wisconsin.
Regionalmente hay una experiencia - más bien el germen de una experiencia - en este sentido. Los municipios del secano costero (AMSEC) - ya les he contado de esta historia - comenzaron un proyecto muy interesante en esta línea. En lo general, su idea es enfrentar sus problemas en materia de educación, de forma coordinada, conjunta, máximizando sus recursos. A sus propias ideas, les formulé algunos alcances y también les propuse otras líneas de trabajo. Ojalá no decaigan en su entusiasmo por llevarlo adelante. Por ejemplo, ellos tienen la idea de conformar una Unidad Técnica de la Asociación. Esta Unidad Técnica, puede ser complementada y reforzada por los equipos de supervisión de los Departamentos Provinciales de Colchagua y de Cardenal Caro. Yo les he propuesto enfrentar, de manera conjunta, la formación continua de sus docentes - es decir su perfeccionamiento y especialización -. También compartir, generosa y coordinadamente, algunos profesionales que, de manera individual no los obtienen o les significan costos muy altos.
Estoy muy de acuerdo - respecto de como se conforman los equipos de gestión - en romper con "el dogma del sistema cerrado", que plantea Teo. Tiene lógica lo que sucede en la comuna de La Estrella, donde hay tres escuelas - una de menos de 10 alumnos, otra de menos de 20 y una con más de trescientos - y dos Jefes de DAEM. Las escuelas de La Estrella, perfectamente podrían "anexarse administrativamente" al DAEM de Litueche o al de Marchigüe. Algo similar pasa con Pumanque. Con sus 90 y algo escuelas, la Provincia de Cardenal Caro podría formar una sóla unidad administrativa.
Respecto de la legislación educacional, varios alcaldes la conocen poco y varios tampoco están dispuestos a "sacarle provecho". Es como las leyes laborales. Más allá de que sean insufientes para la dignidad y protección de los trabajadores, ni siquiera se cumplen. La ley de concursabilidad de los Directores abrió un espacio para renovar, refrescar a los líderes pedagógicos. ¿Cuantos concursos no quedan "pauteados" para que sigan los mismos directivos, incluso aquellos que son cuestionados en sus competencias?.
Y, sin lugar a dudas, el gran tema es la innovación en el aula. ¿Para qué tanta preocupación por los resultados SIMCE de matemáticas, si lo que se requiere hoy es capacidad de innovar y de emprender?, han preguntado algunos. En la región hay satisfacción este año, ya que los resultados subieron, incluso en algunas escuelas hubo resultados destables nacionalmente. hay problemas disciplinarios en nuestros docentes que son graves, pero también hay falta de ambición y de pasión. Hay un uso incompleto de muchos recursos pedagógicos presentes en las escuelas. Siento que hay falta de confianza en lo que pueden los estudiantes y demasiada confianza en las capacidades de la educación para romper con la desigualdad social.
Están los temas que subyacen. Esos que nadie quiere plantear. Por eso que la tesis de Teo Valenzuela es importante. Tira el tema sobre la mesa. Ojalá se construya un espacio de debate regional sobre este tema - voy a "linkear" varias opiniones que me parecen super interesante, a ver si nos animamos a debatir -. Ojalá que exista, en las nuevas autoridades de educación una mayor audacia en las tareas que emprenden. Es la forma de apretar el acelerador.

Algunas notas interesantes:
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- mejorar la educación






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